The Top 5 of the trendiest diets
Disclaimer: Make sure to consult a health professional before deciding on any diets, as it can be harmful if you have pre-existing conditions and/or suffered from an eating disorder.
Every January, we see a surge of individuals starting a new diet. As 2019 is winding down, many young adults will set new resolutions for the upcoming year. Even though the most common reason to start a diet is for weight loss, more and more young adults decide to adopt a specific diet as part of a lifestyle change because millennials are more interested in their overall well-being.
Millennials are more open to speak on diets and talk about it as part of their lifestyle. Still, it can be hard to keep up with the number of posts or blogs we see on the subject. Here is a quick bread down of some of the trendiest diets among young adults.
The Keto diet is based on low carbohydrates and high fat intake. It has many similarities with the early 2000s popular Atkins diet. The carbs deficiency will induce the metabolism into a ketosis state. While in this state, a body can burn fat easily and transform it into energy. Although this diet is quite new and has not been thoroughly researched in the long-term, it can be effective for weight loss and better mental and physical health. Despite its many benefits, it also has its cons such as bad breath and the “keto” flu among others, but those side effects tend to go away once the body adjusts to the diet. It is important to stay hydrated as the state of ketosis might induce kidney stones, you should drink plenty of water and eat keto-approved food that contains high levels of fibre to lower your chances.
The Mediterranean diet is inspired by this region’s cuisine. Countries surrounding the mediterranean sea eat a lot of vegetables, olive oil and fish. Outside of discouraging the regular consumption of red meat, this diet doesn’t prescribe a strict meal plan and is more focused on healthy products, as it emphasizes the consumption of natural products (no added sugar or preservatives and processed foods). Studies have concluded that adopting a Mediterranean diet can help with weight loss and help prevent heart attacks.
Just like the Mediterranean one, there is no set way to follow the Paleo diet. It strives to mimic the way Paleolithic societies fed themselves. It’s based on the consumption of eating whole foods and staying away from processed products. It is mainly high in meats since that was the easiest thing to obtain during that era. Due to the low carb intake, this diet can cause a flu similar to the keto-flu, called the low carb flu, and it can also cause hypoglycemia.
The Whole 30 Diet is often considered a variation of the Paleo Diet. It cuts out the same food groups and can both have the same results, but the Whole 30 is more of a strict crash diet. The first phase of the diet lasts 30 days, where it is encouraged to cut sugar, artificial sweeteners, alcohol, grains, legumes, soy and dairy. After the 30 days, the restrictions can be loosened, and each individual can adapt its diet based on results from the previous month. This diet has been criticized for being unsustainable for a long-term diet, but its followers find that the nature of its length help with a change in their lifestyle.
Intermittent fasting has become very popular in the last couple of years. Although it can affect and create changes in your diet, it is more of an eating pattern, that is based on not eating for a certain period of time. There are 3 popular methods, the 16/8 method, the Eat-Stop-Eat Method and the 5:2 diet. The 16/8 method consists of fasting for 16 hours and only eating during an 8 hours window (usually late morning or early afternoon to early evening). The Eat-Stop-Eat method consists of fasting for 24 hours at a time (once or twice a week). The 5:2 diet restricts one’s diet to 500 to 600 calories for two days and allows a regular diet for the rest of the week. This eating pattern can improve weight loss and brain health, but also creates weakness (temporary or long-term) and can be dangerous for individuals who have preexisting medical conditions or are pregnant.